The emergence of Colonel Fawcett’s secret city of ‘Z’
By Emmanouil Lalaios
The Hiding Place of Kephises (Cephissus)
The Greek inscription copied in 1753
The “search for Atlantis”
The Persian Daric
The mysterious letter of 'Z'
The idea of the “Z” letter in a map
Was Colonel Fawcett’s great objective,
the point of ‘Z’, a
ancient city built by a highly advanced
civilization, inhabited by a human race of unbelievable beings, and located in
the dense and still unexplored rainforest of the Brazilian’s wilderness?
The mystery of Colonel Fawcett’s
secret city of ‘Z’ emerges slowly from the past in an unbelievable theory
concerning the destiny of this legendary British explorer in combination with
his great objective to startle the world.
A new testimony that reverts the originality of Colonel Fawcett’s story bringing the explorer’s great objective, the city of ‘Z’ in another dimension beginning from another country’s territory located far away from the Amazon’s jungle; a territory that, even if it is basically located at a distant to Brazil place of our planet that has offered so much to the archaeology of the world with its very rich background in the history of its civilization and we talk about Greece, it was and still is in search by famous explorers in a hidden location of the Amazon’s rainforest in the wilderness of the Brazilian Mato Grosso.
According to our investigators, this territory that was included in the routing of Colonel Fawcett’s last ill-fated expedition in 1925 now emerges suddenly and slowly from the heart of the most recent investigations to bring to our world a new amazing and hard to believe story that combines the secrets found in the still unexplored parts of the Amazonian rainforest with a Greek ancient civilization before the Hellenistic times and even more back to the Greek mythology period that reveals the unpredictable theory of a Greek city named Cephissus as Colonel Fawcett’s great objective, a story that, if it comes alive, would certainly startle the world.
The Hard Way to The Universal Glory and Fame
Courtesy of Stathis Sidiropoulos
By Francisco de Sales do Lago
A Brazilian researcher, writer, teacher and retired lawyer who was born in Rio de Janeiro
The story covers the chapter six (6) of Francisco do Lago's book 'O Transplante do Terremoto-A destruicao de Kefises (The earthquake's transplant and The destruction of Kefisus) that concerns the existence of a very old Greek city that was destroyed by the Portuguese Government after 1754; a city that Colonel Fawcett was in search for during his eighth ill-fated expedition into the Brazilian wilderness of Mato Grosso, which according to his research was Colonel Fawcett’s city of quest “Z” or Kefises named after the Greek mythological River God Cephissus.
There is no doubt that Percy Harrison Fawcett was fighting against windmills when he decided to search for the Greek city of Kephises in the Brazilian State of Bahia. With this assertion we mean to say that Fawcett knew exactly what he was looking about. He wasn’t an amateur adventurer; on the contrary, he was a scholar. After transcribing the “512 Document” at Rio de Janeiro’s National Library, Fawcett managed to know exactly what he would search for. We assume that, in this first stage, with the essential cooperation of his European geographer and paleographer friends, he proceeded to the decoding of the inscription on that document.
anticipated the results obtained here in Brazil by Bernardo de Azevedo da
Silva Ramos. The Englishman knew that the deciphering of this inscription
would be the key to the discovery of the origin of the hidden city. The
hypothesis of Fawcett to have obtained the decoding of the inscription in
Europe originates from a passage of his own in the book edited by his son,
Brian Fawcett, in 1953, under the name of “Exploration Fawcett”
(Chapter I, The Lost Mines of Muribeca, p. 23):
“At the opposite side of the palace, there was the ruin of another huge building, evidently a temple. Images of men, animals and birds covered walls that were still standing, and, above the main entrance, one could see an inscription that was, again, reliably copied by Raposo and one of his fellows”.
The Greek inscription copied in 1753
wrote that this inscription had been carefully copied, without mentioning,
however, its deciphering. This may only derive from the fact that his
European paleographer, ethnologist and philologist friends didn’t find
any difficulty in decoding the inscription as a
Greek construction, as well as our eminent fellow-countryman Bernardo
de Azevedo da Silva Ramos also interpreted it, without trouble. This is
the only logical argument to support the use of the “reliably
copied” adverb to express the way in which this task was done. It is
probable that soon afterwards Fawcett had deduced that the hidden city
built in the banks of that broad and torrential river was named Kephises.
analyzed the “location” of that city in the banks of the large river,
and may have figured out that the Greek
people who found the site, which
received them so well, had honored the place with the same name of the
river-god Kephises existing in the Attic plane, in Greece, so that it
would, otherwise, be hard to justify the presence of the word Kephises in
the entirety of the inscriptions copied at the hidden city in 1753. He
didn’t, however, make any noise or propagation of his deduction. In the
letters to his relatives and friends, Fawcett never mentioned the results
of the decoding of those Greek characters. As it is known, all Fawcett’s
correspondence was printed in the form of a book many years after his
disappearing; the book already mentioned above.
considered properly the significance of his deduction, and, in his mind,
he anticipated its impact; this is to say, the astonishment that such a
discovery – of a Greek city in Latin America – would cause in the
scientific and academic environment. It isn’t difficult to understand
the reason of his obstinate exploratory activity: he tried to fix the
place of that Greek city. He wished to rival Heinrich Schliemann.
Fawcett was probably intending to communicate his discovery to the Royal Geographic Society in London, most likely in the course of an official ceremony, before all the geographers and scientists. This is the reason why we cannot find specific references about the definitive objectives of his wanderings and of his real exploratory purposes.
The “search for Atlantis” was just a plausible publicity way to collect funds, and all the mysticism created around the “Z” letter by his interlocutors, authorities, pressmen and eventual sponsors were favorable to his intents because they helped deviating the attention of his true purposes. Fawcett didn’t have resources of his own, and this is why he created special situations to keep apart everyone who tried to penetrate his “cuirass”, his well-known shyness, his inseparable mistrust of everything and everyone. Nobody should know he was searching for Kephises.
authors are neglectful, as they do not recognize Fawcett’s intellectual
ability and his exploratory temper. Their absolute lack of imagination
induces them to mistake. In their writings, they only attribute to the
Englishman the interest in an easy enrichment through the finding of gold,
silver or precious stone mines. This assertion is false and certainly far
away from reality. As a matter of fact, Fawcett had to keep his finding
secret until the moment of its official announcement. This is why he was
misunderstood and considered as a mystical man, a deceiver or a fool. But
Fawcett was indeed an idealist, a scholar in the best sense of the word,
besides of being fearless and brave.
of all these reasons - not yet well assimilated nowadays but perfectly
conceivable - Fawcett used to disguise his wandering by transmitting
fragmented information in his correspondence, as he intended to be the
first scientist to enter Kephises - in the same way that Hiram Bingham had
done few years before, in 1911, when he entered Machu Picchu, the hidden
city of the Incas, and who since then became a worldwide famous
archaeologist and a teacher of the Yale University.
But it happened to Fawcett to lack resources of his own. He also didn’t know how to “sell” his activity, his image, his objectives. He didn’t even have assistants, or, like Bingham, generous funds provided by an university. He wasn’t either a millionaire – as Schliemann – who could support explorations with his own money. Fawcett had severe difficulties in obtaining funds for his wanderings, for his exploratory activity. He had to make promises and in the meanwhile some concessions in order to obtain the funds necessary to his search.
But, on the other hand,
he used to remember the image of Nemesis, with a finger over her lips, as indicating that to prevent
the divine wrath he should be prudent and discreet. Above all he should
make efforts to keep reserve, to avoid writing in the letters to his
friends or relatives anything beyond the strictly essential. However,
Fawcett permitted himself anticipating the impact and the astonishment of
his discovery in writing the following words in one of his last letters:
answer to the enigma of the Ancient South America - and maybe of the
Prehistoric World - will be found when those ancient cities are located
and opened to the scientific research. I know these cities exist...”
(Transcribed from “Exploração Fawcett”, Lisbon,
Edit. Nacional de Public. 1953).
was Fawcett’s own personal manner of keeping intruders away. Probably,
much more than any other subject to Her Majesty, Fawcett followed up in
the newspapers the fantastic results obtained by Lord Carnarvon and Howard
Carter in Egypt. But he would also be fighting against windmills when
decided to search for Kephises in the Mato Grosso province. Even if he had
adopted the criteria and methods used by his famous archaeologist
predecessors, he would hardly succeed.
must remember that Fawcett was, above all, a surveyor, a cartographer and
an impetuous boundary marker. This is to say that, in spite of being an
yachtsman when he was young, and of having traced the famous “Ichthoid
curve”, he was farther more turned to the earth than to the water. In
other words, Fawcett searched Kephises incessantly by walking across the
land instead of having tried to find the city along the banks of the
rivers, with much more chances to find it. He should have searched only
along the rivers.
it seems, Fawcett didn’t pay much attention to the fact that those first
archaeologists sustained themselves on local inhabitants, as, for example,
Ahmed Gurgar and the other “gaffirs” who helped Carter, or, as
Bingham, who rested upon local guides as Arteaga and Carrasco - deep
connoisseurs of the Andean region of Urubamba and who didn’t hesitate in
pointing out to him the precise site of Macchu Pichu in exchange of some
more soles, that is, a few pieces of money beyond the salary agreed
reading once again with greater attention the text of the “512
Document”, we can find the phrase: “A torrential river, impetuously
wide and inviting, margins this square”. Well, this words lead us to the
following reasoning: in accepting the deciphering of Silva Ramos, who
stated that the inscription composed by the characters found in the center
of this square was a “Greek construction” – according to the 512
Document – we are induced to consider some elementary premises. First:
the builders and engravers who erected the square and inscribed the
characters must have been a Greek people. Second: if they were Greek, they
came, necessarily, from Greece. Third: as they arrived here, they must
have used successfully their naval building and seafaring knowledge.
this point of our reasoning, by converting our premises in acceptable
hypotheses, we are compelled to a more comprehensive examination of the
history of the navigation developed by the Greek cities. It is known that
the most important Greek cities of the past were Athens and Sparta. It is
also known that Sparta was a terrestrial power and that Athens was an
eminently maritime one. Thus, by means of a simple exclusion, we could
never admit that Greek people from Sparta could cross-seas and oceans in
voyages not only notoriously dangerous but also long lasting. So, it
remains to us the perfectly acceptable alternative of appointing the
Athenians as the probable Greek navigators, builders and engravers. This
is to say, men who owed to Athens their sailing, architectural and
building skills, with the use of solid materials as granite and basalt,
and also the mastership of their artists, sculptors and engravers.
Consequently, we can figure out that Athens was the homeland of the people
who cast anchor here, in the margin of “a torrential river, impetuously
wide and inviting”, erecting portals, palaces, obelisks, sculptures and
monuments that would amaze, in 1753, a field officer and the members of
the same way of thinking, we note that a new survey of the history of that
city becomes necessary in order to know which of the Athenian statesmen
were defeated, compelled or condemned to banishment, to survival, to
salvation. And finally, in addition to the identification of the exiled,
we must know if the name of these men is mentioned or referred in the
inscriptions found at that supposedly hidden city, discovered by the field
officer in 1753. If this reference and this identity can be established,
will remain the certainty that Greek people entered a torrential river,
“impetuously wide”, building afterwards a city in America, for this is
the central theme of the 512 Document. In no way this document can be
considered as a myth, a jugglery or a “fiction of the spirit”, as
strangely asserted by Pedro Calmon. In this respect, it is worth
remembering that the inscriptions deciphered by Silva Ramos refer to
Pisistratus and Tucidides as being the great defeated Athenian personages.
in addition to the inscription in Greek
construction and to the names deciphered from the characters found in
that city – world-widely associated to men who played an important part
in the political story of ancient Greece -, we have the undeniable fact
that the field officer found, in 1753, a gold coin, which he fully
described in the 512 Document. Searching into Numismatics, we can state,
without any doubt, that the coin found was a Persian daric.
"It is exactly similar (100%) to that coin found in
1753, Francisco said, (or, eventually it can be the same coin of
1753) but nobody knows if it is. In my opinion that coin was sent to
Lisabon as an attachment to the Original Manuscript. But as the Regent
Prince Don Joao VI comes to Brazil in 1808 and with him the Portuguese
treasure, the official Documents, official papers, the King's Library
and the Portuguese Court... maybe this coin, would be the same of 1753.
The only image in the coin represents the King Artaxerxes II (King of
Persia (404-359) whose reign was marked by many rebellions and by a peace
agreement with Sparta (386). Died 359 BC),
from the Achaemenid
a dynasty in the ancient Persian Empire)."
now, putting forward a conjecture, we believe it was quite possible to the
Persian piece of money to be among the values brought here by the exiled
Greek citizens, as they were contemporary – the Greek people mentioned
above and the Persian coin. Was it a coincidence?
The Persian Daric similar to one discovered by the field officer in the city of 1753
sectional considerations regarding the presence of European peoples in
South America long before the period of the named Columbian or Cabraline
discoveries are based on scientific evidences, known for a long time, and
widely spread in the works of the eminent paleontologist Peter W. Lund
after his findings and studies at the Lagoa Santa region, in Minas Gerais.
In one of his letters to the recently created Instituto Histórico e Geográfico
Brasileiro (IHGB), in Rio de Janeiro, this prominent scientist declared as
We can see, thus, that America was already inhabited before the first rays
of History did appear in the horizon of the Old World, and that the
peoples who lived there in that remote period were of the same race of the
inhabitants of the Discoveries time. In fact, these two results do not
adjust very well to the ideas generally adopted about the origin of the
natives of this part of the world, because, as the period of its first
peopling passes away, their ancient inhabitants keeping, at the same time,
the national characteristics, the idea of a secondary or derived origin
becomes more and more vanished. And, nevertheless, the facts that seem to
indicate several parts of the contact between the most ancient inhabitants
of the two parts of the world can not be denied. The ancient skulls
excavated in various places of Europe show in part the same depression of
the forehead as the depression that characterizes those found in this
country; the wedges or stone axes, generally called “coriscos” and
copiously found in all the interior of Brazil, show the most perfect
resemblance, not only in their shape but also in the material of which
they are made, with those found in the northern countries of Europe, to
the point as, putting them together, one can not differ the first from the
others; well known are the various analogies presented by some ancient
monuments of Mexico and those of Hindustan and Egypt; but one could hardly
suspect that Brazil would also show some contact with this last country in
the old times, and however, the fossil remains I mention here constitute
the evidence of such a coincidence”.
(Transcribed from the Trimestrial Publication of the
IHGB, Number 21, December 14, 1844, Supplement to the Book VI, page 7).
is appropriate to emphasize that the scientific writings of Lund were
published in Austria, in Vienna, and that they caused a deep impact and
astonishment in the scientific and academic environment. Since then, the
universal science started accepting the evidences of the unquestionable
presence of Europeans in America. From this moment on, there were numerous
findings related to the presence of Vikings, Phoenicians, Greeks and of
peoples from other civilizations of the Classical Antiquity in Americas,
in periods and dates far more anterior to the arrival of the “Admiral of
the Seas” – the navigator Christopher Columbus – to Central America.
Special relief and importance were given to the great navigation and
Harrison Fawcett, a scholar and expert in the works of Lund, was also an
upholder of science and of Lund’s scientific role. In his book
“Exploration Fawcett” already mentioned above, at the page 262 of the
chapter XX, under the title “At Dawn”, he writes:
naturalist Peter William Lund wrote: “The character of the Central
Plateau of Brazil shows that it was part of a vast continent while the
rest of the World was still submerged in the waters of the Ocean, or
raised from them under the form of islands of small extent. Thus Brazil
must be considered as the most ancient continent of our planet”
Well, as Lund proved by means of his researches that the fossil skulls and other human bones he found in America were coincident with others found in Europe, and as Fawcett believed his scientific work to the point of mentioning the eminent Danish naturalist and transcribing part of his texts in his own book, it seems he had no doubt about the presence of Greek people here in Brazil many centuries before the arrival of the Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral.
His special and particular
evidence of this fact was the deciphering, in Europe, of the inscription
copied by the field officer in the hidden city in 1753 and reproduced in
the 512 Document. It is interesting to point out that Fawcett started his
book exactly with the well-known story of this manuscript. At this time,
in 1924, Fawcett also knew that the coin described in the 512 Document was
a Persian daric. And he didn’t ignore its coinage was anterior or
contemporary to the Greek personages Pisistratus and Tucidides. The sum of
all this elements gave him the sureness that Kephises was the Greek city
he wished so much to find. In his writings and searches, the legendary
Atlantis was obviously a mere dissimulation.
Colonel Fawcett' great objective
We now try to explain the theory behind that mysterious letter “Z”
which appears on Fawcett’s last mail. Later when we finished, we return
to this He says “Z” was the city he was in search of: “The city of
my quest”. Why has he chose this specific letter? In our opinion, he did
what any other researcher who has been to the city mentioned by Florence
would have done; he took use a pencil or pen to trace on a map the course
of the rivers Tietê, Parnaíba, Paraná, Pardo, Coxim, Taquari,
Furo-Mirim, Paraguay, São Lourenço and Cuyabá up to Cuyabá City.
Fawcett utilized the “America Meridional” map (available in different
sizes at the National Library of the City of Rio de Janeiro), which had
been used by Florence in 1826, roughly a century before. It was owned by
the British cartographists Aaron Arrowsmith, father & son and edited
in 1810. But Fawcett did not take the opportunity to mention the map on
his mail as Florence have did in his very interesting narratives. In a
glance, Fawcett described on his mail the same path previously taken by
Florence and Langsdorff expedition. It is felt compelled to rewrite
Hercules Florence’s description of this incredible adventure throughout
the Brazilian rivers on vessels specially built in São Paulo for this
“It is actually admirable that one travels for a
total of 530 léguas* throughout 10 rivers no more than 2 léguas wide from
Porto Feliz to Cuyabá, as it is no less exciting to watch the big vessels
passing over the mountains.”
(“Viagem de Porto Feliz à cidade de Cuiabá”, in
“Esboço da Viagem feita pelo Sr.
* When Florence refers to Lιgua that means a very old measure of distance. One Legua and a half is 9.900 meters.
believe that the idea of the “Z” letter must have come to Fawcett from the
When Fawcett ended his tracing, on the map, of all the rivers already mentioned, he noticed that the design had formed re-entrant and alternate angles in the shape of a Z. The Z letter of Zigzag in the English language, Fawcett’s mother tongue. He also verified that the English word zigzag originated in the Greek term Zickzack, which has the same meaning of the Portuguese corresponding Ziguezague: a broken or sinuous line forming re-entrant and alternate angles. The Z letter would therefore, synthesize his quest for Kephises, or, simply, his Kephises. Other theories about the Z letter in Fawcett’s correspondence may arise from one moment to another, so, by way of precaution let’s break at once this “Columbus egg” in adopting the Z theory about the rivers crossed by Florence.
fitted. Fawcett was searching for the Greek city of Kephises, visited by
the field officer at an unknown place in the year of 1753. He intend to
check, first, that address mentioned by Florence in his
narrative, as the 512 Document doesn’t refer to the location of the
field officer’s hidden city. Next, Fawcett was expecting to find and
to investigate the remains of that “ruined
Babylon” of “giant
architects”, the “round
pedestals”, the “column ruins”
as “those ancient towers in Italy”;
as a matter of fact “the remains of a huge
city” emphasized by Florence.
Fawcett was living in the 20th century. So, it wouldn’t no
longer make sense to accomplish the same Zigzag done by Florence almost
a hundred years before. Fawcett was a modern explorer. He used the
railway. Departing from São Paulo in his three attempts – always
after receiving doses of antidotal serum against snake bites through his
old friend Vital Brasil, of the Butantã Institute – he traveled in an
almost straight line. And this also sparing time and money, as his
resources were few and didn’t come from the Russian Czars, who paid
for the immense expenses made by the Von Langsdorff Consul. By the way,
there were no more Czars at the time of Fawcett’s last explorations.
They had already been banished from Moscow by the proletarian masses.
he had never mentioned the name of Florence in his letters, nobody,
considered Fawcett, would think of associating the re-entrant and
alternate angles of river’s tracing to his secret code-letter “Z”
to link “his City” to the one
visited by Florence in 1827. If Fawcett had succeeded in discovering it
at the site mentioned by Florence, or in any other place during
his quest, and did find at least one of the group of inscriptions copied
in 1753 and reproduced in the 512 Document, he could prove the existence
of a Greek city in South America. But he is thought to have never
discovered the “Cyclopean City”
of Florence, or even the Greek inscriptions.
We also believe that Fawcett was mistaken about the secret when it comes to a potential association between the letter “Z” and the courses of the rivers through which Florence has traveled. This apparent secret ended up not being inviolate al all. This does not seem to be his only mistake. We believe his fatal mistake was to bring over to the jungles of Mato Grosso the inexperienced Jack Fawcett and Rimell A. Raleigh during the 1925 expedition. As per Fawcett’s letters disclosed many years later, is was clear that Fawcett was very worried about the health of the young Raleigh, whose leg was severely injured by ticks. It is believed that the potential injuries might have changed the course of Fawcett’s original plans, evidenced by the fact that has visited some friends’ farmers that lie far from the original course.
return to our prior explanation. Supposing
that – as it really happened many centuries later to Pedro Álvares
Cabral – there could be natives waiting on the beaches after the Greek
boats were seen in the horizon, we can also think that these Greek
seafarers tried to find isolated, or even less hostile places to land in
absolute security. Though, it is licit to believe the Greeks visitors kept
on sailing until they found a safe place to go on shore. Cabral would do
exactly the same. He would sail until finding, in 1500, a Safe Port –
Porto Seguro – in the coast of what is now the Bahia State.
Greek voyagers continued their course until entering the outfall of some
torrential river. They navigated this river upstream till they found the
place where, afterwards, that square which geometric shape was considered
perfect by the field officer in 1753 would be built.
is probable that this square which margins the river, before being so, had
been a safe anchor-ground for the vessels. The spring of limpid and
crystalline waters the Greek travelers found at a distance of a cannon
shot in the opposite margin to the anchor-ground must have been, much
likely, one of the main reasons for them to choose that place as their
definitive setting site. After establishing the location, they begun
searching the materials for building the city they called Kephises - as a
tribute to their Phocean Attic plane river-god – which architecture
would long afterwards amaze the field officer who reported to the
Portuguese government the finding of this hiding city in 1754.
materials – granite of different colors and in great quantity as well as
crystal and wood – were abundant. They must have come of that
“mountain range so high that it seemed to touch the stratosphere and
serve as a throne for the windstorms” not very far from the Greeks
setting place. Only one attentive reading of the 512 Document is enough to
validate the hypotheses enounced above.
all these considerations, we believe that the best way to search for the
hidden city of Kephises will be through the rivers and not by land.
Fawcett proved he was fighting against windmills while trying to find it
in this last way. Any contemporary explorer who tries to find the Greek
city by land will also fight at windmills and will never find Kephises.
Thus, it is advisable to proceed to a wide study of the orography of the
Brazilian rivers, including that of the River da Prata basin. In these
studies, all the fluvial ways must be considered, even those now
impassable as a result of changes due to the recent human activity as the
building of dams, the pollution caused by deforestation, burning or the
effects of cataclysms. Then, after eliminating some of the rivers, others
– with estuaries that could have attracted the Greek navigators – must
be selected. From this moment on, the remaining rivers must be studied as
deeply as possible to try to locate, with the indispensable help of aero
photogrammetry, the right banks of the selected ones to search for the
ancient site of the once opulent Greek city of Kephises. But the explorer
must be aware of using low altitude aerophotogrammetry if he wants to
succeed. The pictures in infrared film obtained by satellites will be very
useful to this objective. It is said that the National Aeronautics Space
and Administration (NASA) has accumulated an extensive material concerning
the Brazilian rivers.
mention the “right bank” of a river because it is hard to conceive –
according to the “512 Document” – a monument in the center of a
square, with an obelisk in which top there was the statue of a man,
described as being with the left hand over his hip and the fore finger of
the right hand pointing to the North Pole if this square was located in
the left bank the river (see the text of the 512
the modern squares built along the coastline or the bank of a river, the
central monument and statue are turned to the sea or to a river and not to
the countryside. See the example of the Barão de Mauá statue at the Praça
Mauá, in Rio de Janeiro. That being so, we can admit, in the case of the
statue referred by the field officer, that if the man represented in it
was looking in the direction of the North Pole, this would be impossible
if that statue were in a square located in the left bank of the river. We
must either remember that the field officer mentioned having walked three
days downstream to examine the rocks of the margins in search of gold
nuggets brought by the flood. This is to say, he walked in the direction
of the river’s mouth. However, looking at any hydrographic map of South
America, we notice that the greater number of the navigable rivers flow
into the Atlantic ocean. Flowing, hence, from their source to discharge in
Thus, the field officer and his company crossed a certain distance in the eastern direction, until, according to his report, they found a large waterfall. Probably, this waterfall was not located in the section of the river covered in the three days mentioned before. It should be part of a secondary river, of an affluent of that “torrential river”
search for the hidden city must begin at the mouth and end in the source
of all rivers chosen, because it was from the mouth that the Greek people
arrived to the site of Kephises. We must also remember that Hercules
Florence and the other members of the “Langsdorff Expedition” sailed
along rivers from Porto Feliz, in São Paulo, to Cuiabá, in the Brazilian
state of Mato Grosso, having to walk and carry their vessels only over a
small extension of land, and that this happened in the year of 1826. But
the Greek navigators could have started their course in the mouth of the
River da Prata, for example, until arriving to the site of Kephises.
important point: still “yesterday”, in the nineteenth century, large
cargo ships making the route between Hamburg, in Germany, and Corumbá, in
Mato Grosso, to change Brazilian ore for German machinery and agricultural
implements also entered the mouth of the da Prata River in order to reach
the Brazilian inland.
There are lots of possibilities to be analyzed until the site of Kephises is found. This will be undoubtedly a huge task that will require a lot of research and, primarily, resources enough to hire modern equipment as “jet” helicopters, air boats, satellite photographs, Global Positioning System (GPS), and, of course, large amounts of willingness and time until one can be sure of the location of the ruins of the hidden city, but not those described as so by the field officer. The ruins of Kephises to be searched now are the ones resulting from the use, to a large extent, of powder by the Portuguese after 1754.
must imagine, thus, a thick vegetation grown up around all the stones,
surrounding rocks and broken obelisks and think of an almost impenetrable
forest at the banks of this river, covering nearly completely all sorts of
stones and rocks. And this is, by the way, what is really seen in the
banks of the rivers of the Brazilian inland. On the other hand, in spite
of all these difficulties, metals – being which they may be - must still
exist in this area, and it is not impossible that they can be found with
the help of a simple metal detector of the various kinds sold at the
European and American markets. See Metaldetector.com, for example.
who wishes to try to find the hidden city must bear with himself a lot of
antidotal against snake bites, mosquitoes repellents, must be vaccinated
against smallpox and yellow fever, and also count upon the equipment
mentioned above, among hundreds of others. The outcome of this search,
that is, the discovery of Kephises, will be determined by the accuracy of
the orographic studies and its conclusions, the amount of the resources
invested and by the estimated length of time of the project - which will
be rather different from Fawcett’s quixotic adventures, because all the
searching activity will be fluvial or aerial and fluvial and centered on
the right banks of the selected rivers. At some 9 or 10 km. of the
selected sites there must exist a cordillera, a mountain range of a
certain height. The presence of a waterfall will not be of the same
importance, as it may have its source in the mountains. The Santo
Antonio Waterfall, at the Jarí River, in the Pará State, is a
typical example of a river waterfall.
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