The Great Web of Percy Harrison Fawcett. This logo is a trademark of "The Great Unknown, The Great Explorers" and "The Great Web of Percy Harrison Fawcett" - All Rights Reserved

The Great Web of Percy Harrison Fawcett. This logo is a trademark of "The Great Unknown, The Great Explorers" and "The Great Web of Percy Harrison Fawcett" - All Rights Reserved

 

Chachapoyas City and Ruins

A view from below of the Karajia tombs.  

The Architecture of Wonder

The city of Chachapoyas was found by the Spanish captain Alonso de Alvarado in September 5 of 1538 as capital of the Peruvian Eastern from the right margin of the Marañon River to the borders with different countries and still preserves its ample old houses, with tiled roofs, large patios surrounded by orchards, gardens and balconies of Spanish influence.

Main Square.- An interesting square showing an original bronze fountain from the colonial period, and a monument to Toribio Rodriguez de Mendoza, one of the fathers of the Republic of Peru. There are also the Provincial City Hall building and the archbishop's house, where Rodriguez de Mendoza was born.

Plaza de la Independencia.- A monument commemorating the battle of Higos Urco.

Our Lord of Burgos Church.- A collection of colonial statues.

Santa Ana Church.- The first of its type built by the Spaniardish.

Pozo de Yanayacu (Yanayacu well).- Built by Santo Toribio de Mogrovejo, this well is located on the Luya Urco hill, a natural watch point. Tradition has turned it into a place of legends and a love fountain.

Pampas de Higos Urco.- A historical landmark where the Battle of Higos Urco took place before the declaration of Independence by General San Martin.

Grutas de Santa Lucia.- (grotto) and the Santa Isabel orchid nursery.

The departments of Loreto and San Martín also were found but Chachapoyas went on as operation center for the conquest of the jungle so this city had a viceroyal influence very important.

Location: The department of Amazonas is located to the Peruvian North Eastern, in the jungle and take part of the North Eastern region of Marañon with the departments of Cajamarca and Lambayeque.

Extension: 39 249 Km2

Capital: Chachapoyas

Population: 354 171 inhabitants.

Altitude: 2 335 above sea level.

Climate: From 40°C to the North to 02° in the South mountain.

AROUND THE CITY

Kuelap Fortress.- Circular stone constructions, towers in the shape of inverted cones, rhomboidal friezes with niches in the walls, the mysterious tintero (ink stand) named after its peculiar shape, and which is the entrance to a chamber several meters deep. Inca style truncate-triangle shaped doors and puma and condor heads sculpted in stone are other characteristics of the Kuelap fortress architecture.

From the main characteristics of its construction, it is presumed that there were three well-defined social classes: the aristocracy, the middle class and the lower class.

Administratively, the kingdom was divided into many cacicazgos (chiefdoms) so strongly interrelated as to build monuments, fortifications and have powerful armies.

Tuneles de San Antonio.- Beautiful natural rock bridges over the San Antonio river on the highway connecting Chachapoyas and Rodriguez de Mendoza, in Molinopampa district.

Bosque de Palmeras de Ocot (Palm forest).- In the same district.

OTHER SITES WORTH SEEING

In Amazonas, the archaeological remains are found mostly in the provinces of Chachapoyas and Luya. These are high altitude regions favored by the Chacha people who are presumed to have arrived from low valleys and plains where we can still find some traces of primitive paintings and buildings.

The influence of the Chachapoyas or Sachapuyos culture spreads over a large territory. Its stone buildings, usually following a circular floor plan, fortresses, tombs, agricultural terraces, and even towns and cities which remained through the Inca dominion are some of the important remains of this culture.

There is evidence that parallel civilizations developed in the area of Luya between 800 and 1200 AC, the Chipuric and the Revach.


Province of Chachapoyas
Hancas.- Province of Chachapoyas
Hancas.- A small town renowned for its pottery and colorful sites as well as for the cave paintings in Pitaya, the archaeological sites of Yalape, San Pedro de Huashpa, the natural bridge at Ashapachaca, the Coltin caves and the Wertmen canal in the district of Levanto
.

Yalape.- An archaeological complex with buildings made of stone blocks and mud mortar. This 10 acre urban center dates back to between 1100 and 1300 AC and was built by the Chachapoyas (Sachapuyos). There is another nearby archaeological monument called San Pedro de Huallpa. These are located in the district of Levanto, very close to Chachapoyas.

Macro.- Located on the left bank of the Utcubamba river, in the district of Magdalena. A residential complex built with stone and mud mortar between 1100 and 1300 AC. Macro spreads over 7.4 acres. It has rhomboidal friezes with niches in the walls and is thought to have sheltered 100 people during the flourishing of the Shashapuyo civilization.

Province of Luya
Lamud.- The capital of the province. It has an artistic Main Square and natural attractions such as the Jucusbamba and Gache rivers, the Lamud Cross and stone mills.

Luya.- This is also a picturesque place with very warm and traditional people. Its importance is in its being the seat of the monumental fortress of Kuelap, along with other not least important fortifications like Revach, Chipuric, Carajia, San Antonio, Pueblo de los Muertos (Town of the Dead), and Gran Vilaya.

Province of Bongar
Interesting natural attractions include the Pomacochas lagoons, hot springs and medicinal fountains at Chaquil and Corontachaca and the Utcubamba river valley, home of the yellow-tailed choro monkey -a protected species- lives. Beautiful and strange orchids abound in the area.

Province of Rodriguez de Mendoza
Located in an upper Amazon forest area. Has many natural attractions, popular celebrations and a variety of traditional dishes, beverages, sweets and jungle-fruit preserves.

Provinces of Bagua, Utcubamba and Condorcanqui
The interest of these northern Amazon forest provinces of the department lies in their many natural resources and potential for adventure travel. The Aguaruna and Huambisa Indian tribes live in this area.

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