Chachapoyas City and Ruins
Architecture of Wonder
city of Chachapoyas was found by the Spanish captain Alonso de Alvarado in
September 5 of 1538 as capital of the Peruvian Eastern from the right margin of
the Marañon River to the borders with different countries and still preserves
its ample old houses, with tiled roofs, large patios surrounded by orchards,
gardens and balconies of Spanish influence.
An interesting square showing an original bronze fountain from the colonial
period, and a monument to Toribio Rodriguez de Mendoza, one of the fathers of
the Republic of Peru. There are also the Provincial City Hall building and the
archbishop's house, where Rodriguez de Mendoza was born.
de la Independencia.-
commemorating the battle of Higos Urco.
Our Lord of Burgos
Church.- A collection of colonial statues.
Santa Ana Church.-
first of its type built by the Spaniardish.
de Yanayacu (Yanayacu well).- Built
by Santo Toribio de Mogrovejo, this well is located on the Luya Urco hill, a
natural watch point. Tradition has turned it into a place of legends and a love
de Higos Urco.-
A historical landmark where
the Battle of Higos Urco took place before the declaration of Independence by
General San Martin.
Grutas de Santa Lucia.- (grotto) and the Santa Isabel orchid
The departments of Loreto and San Martín also were found but
Chachapoyas went on as operation center for the conquest of the jungle so this
city had a viceroyal influence very important.
Location: The department of Amazonas is located to the Peruvian
North Eastern, in the jungle and take part of the North Eastern region of Marañon
with the departments of Cajamarca and Lambayeque.
Extension: 39 249 Km2
Population: 354 171
Altitude: 2 335
above sea level.
From 40°C to the North to 02° in the South mountain.
Circular stone constructions, towers in the shape of inverted cones, rhomboidal
friezes with niches in the walls, the mysterious tintero (ink stand) named after
its peculiar shape, and which is the entrance to a chamber several meters deep.
Inca style truncate-triangle shaped doors and puma and condor heads sculpted in
stone are other characteristics of the Kuelap fortress architecture.
From the main characteristics of its construction, it is presumed that there
were three well-defined social classes: the aristocracy, the middle class and
the lower class.
Administratively, the kingdom was divided into many cacicazgos (chiefdoms) so
strongly interrelated as to build monuments, fortifications and have powerful
de San Antonio.- Beautiful natural rock
bridges over the San Antonio river on the highway connecting Chachapoyas and
Rodriguez de Mendoza, in Molinopampa district.
Bosque de Palmeras de Ocot (Palm forest).- In the same district.
SITES WORTH SEEING
archaeological remains are found mostly in the provinces of Chachapoyas and Luya.
These are high altitude regions favored by the Chacha people who are presumed to
have arrived from low valleys and plains where we can still find some traces of
primitive paintings and buildings.
The influence of the Chachapoyas or Sachapuyos culture spreads over a large
territory. Its stone buildings, usually following a circular floor plan,
fortresses, tombs, agricultural terraces, and even towns and cities which
remained through the Inca dominion are some of the important remains of this
There is evidence that parallel civilizations developed in the area of Luya between 800 and 1200 AC, the Chipuric and the Revach.
archaeological complex with buildings made of stone blocks and mud mortar. This
10 acre urban center dates back to between 1100 and 1300 AC and was built by the
Chachapoyas (Sachapuyos). There is another nearby archaeological monument called
San Pedro de Huallpa. These are located in the district of Levanto, very close
on the left bank of the Utcubamba river, in the district of Magdalena. A
residential complex built with stone and mud mortar between 1100 and 1300 AC.
Macro spreads over 7.4 acres. It has rhomboidal friezes with niches in the walls
and is thought to have sheltered 100 people during the flourishing of the
Luya.- This is
also a picturesque place with very warm and traditional people. Its importance
is in its being the seat of the monumental fortress of Kuelap, along with other
not least important fortifications like Revach, Chipuric, Carajia, San Antonio,
Pueblo de los Muertos (Town of the Dead), and Gran Vilaya.
of Rodriguez de Mendoza
of Bagua, Utcubamba and Condorcanqui
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